Board of Directors


Randal J. Kirk, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
 
R.J. Kirk is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Intrexon, a leading synthetic biology technology company.  Mr. Kirk was named Chairman in February 2008 and was later appointed Chief Executive Officer in April 2009.
 
Mr. Kirk serves on the Board of Directors of Halozyme Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: HALO) as well as the Board of Directors of ZIOPHARM Oncology, Inc. (NASDAQ: ZIOP).   In addition, Mr. Kirk is Founder, Senior Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Third Security, LLC, an investment management firm.
 
Prior to Intrexon, Mr. Kirk served on the Board of Directors of Clinical Data, Inc. starting in September 2002.  In December 2004 he became Chairman of the Board of Directors and served in that capacity until the NASDAQ-traded company was acquired by Forest Laboratories, Inc. in April 2011.
 
Mr. Kirk was also Chairman of the Board of New River Pharmaceuticals Inc., a specialty biopharmaceutical company he founded in 1996.  New River Pharmaceuticals traded on NASDAQ until its acquisition by Shire plc on April 18, 2007.
 
From February 2000 to May 2002, Mr. Kirk served as a member of the Board of Directors of Scios, Inc. a biopharmaceutical company that traded on NASDAQ prior to its acquisition by Johnson & Johnson on April 29, 2003.
 
Mr. Kirk received a B.A. in Business from Radford University and a J.D. from the University of Virginia.  He began his professional career in the private practice of law.
 
 
Cesar L. Alvarez, Board Member
 
Cesar L. Alvarez has served as a Board member, since February 2008.  Mr. Alvarez has served since February 2010 as the Executive Chairman of the international law firm of Greenberg Traurig, LLP, and previously served as its Chief Executive Officer from 1997 until his election as Executive Chairman.

Mr. Alvarez also serves on the board of directors of Mednax, Inc. (NYSE:MD), a provider of physician services including newborn, maternal-fetal, pediatric subspecialties, and anesthesia care, Watsco, Inc. (NYSE:WSO), a distributor of air conditioning, heating and refrigeration equipment and related parts and supplies, St. Joe Co. (NYSE:JOE), a real estate development company, and Fairholme Funds, Inc., a family of publicly traded focused investment funds.

Mr. Alvarez holds a Bachelor of Science, an M.B.A., and a J.D. from the University of Florida.
 
 
Steven Frank, Board Member
 
Steven Frank has served as a Board member since February 2008.  Mr. Frank joined J.P. Morgan Securities LLC in June 2008 and currently serves as Chairman of Global Healthcare Investment Banking. Mr. Frank had previously been the head of Bear Stearns' Worldwide Health Care Investment Banking group in New York for 16 years and has provided general investment banking services to all types of health care companies. Specifically, Mr. Frank has led or played major roles in hundreds of mergers and acquisitions and financing transactions across the spectrum of deal structures. He has specialized in transactions involving pharmaceutical, medical device and biotechnology companies.

Prior to joining Bear Stearns in 1993, Mr. Frank served over ten years as an institutional investor, primarily at State Farm Insurance Company, where he managed a life sciences portfolio in excess of $4 billion.

Mr. Frank holds a B.S. from Illinois State University and an M.B.A. from the University of Chicago.

 
Larry Horner, Board Member
 
Larry D. Horner has served as a Board member since February 2008. Mr. Horner served as a director of Clinical Data, Inc., a provider of physicians’ office and hospital laboratory products, and of New River Pharmaceuticals Inc., a publicly traded specialty pharmaceutical company focused on developing novel pharmaceuticals and improved versions of widely-prescribed drugs, from 1999 until its acquisition by Shire plc in April 2007. From 1994 to 2001, Mr. Horner served as Chairman of the Board of Pacific USA Holdings Corporation, a holding company of companies in real estate and financial services. From 1997 to 2001, Mr. Horner served as Chairman of the Board of Asia Pacific Wire & Cable, Ltd., a publicly traded manufacturer of wire and cable products for the telecommunications and power industries in the Asia Pacific Region. From 1991 to 1994, he served as Managing Director of Arnhold & S. Bleichroeder, Inc., an equity market trading and corporate finance firm. Prior to that, he served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the accounting firm KPMG Peat Marwick.

Mr. Horner has served on the boards of directors of Atlantis Plastics, Inc., a manufacturer of plastic films and plastic components, TOUSA, Inc., a homebuilder, and UTStarcom, Inc., a provider of wireline, wireless, optical, and access switching solutions, all of which were then public companies; Mr. Horner served on the audit committee of all three of these companies and as the audit committee financial expert for Atlantis Plastics, Inc. and UTStarcom, Inc. He also previously served on the boards of directors of ConocoPhillips, an energy company, and American General Company.

Mr. Horner received a B.S. from the University of Kansas and is a graduate of the Stanford Executive Program.

 
Jeffrey B. Kindler, Board Member
 
Jeffrey B. Kindler has served as a Board member since November 2011. Mr. Kindler is a venture partner with Lux Capital, a venture capital firm; a director of Starboard Capital Partners, a private equity firm; and a principal at Paragon Pharmaceuticals, a private pharmaceutical company. He was Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Pfizer, Inc. (NYSE:PFE), a pharmaceutical company, from 2006 until his retirement in December 2010. Prior to that, he was Vice Chairman and General Counsel of Pfizer from 2005 to 2006, Executive Vice President and General Counsel from 2004 to 2005, and Senior Vice President and General Counsel from 2002 to 2004.

Prior to joining Pfizer, he was Chairman of Boston Market Corporation from 2000 to 2001, and President of the Partner Brands group of McDonald’s Corporation during 2001. Mr. Kinder serves on the board of directors of Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc. (NYSE: CMG), a chain of Mexican restaurants, and Siga Technologies, Inc (Nasdaq:SIGA) a developer of vaccines and anti-virals). Mr. Kindler serves as a board member for a number of privately-held companies as well as several civic, charitable, educational and other organizations. 

Mr. Kindler received a B.A. from Tufts University and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.

 
Dean J. Mitchell, Board Member
 
Dean J. Mitchell has served as a Board member since March, 2009. In July 2010, Mr. Mitchell was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer of Lux Biosciences, Inc., a private biopharmaceutical company, and also was appointed a member of its board of directors. He also currently serves on the board of directors of ISTA Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a multi-specialty pharmaceutical company. In 2009, he was appointed as a non-executive director of Talecris Biotherapeutics, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company and producer and marketer of plasma-derived protein therapies.

He was previously President and Chief Executive Officer of Alpharma Inc., a global specialty pharmaceutical company, and also was appointed a member of its board of directors in July 2006. Alpharma Inc. was acquired by King Pharmaceuticals, Inc. in December 2008, and Mr. Mitchell ceased to be an officer and a director of Alpharma Inc. on December 29, 2008. Prior to this, he was President and Chief Executive Officer of Guilford Pharmaceuticals Inc., a public company, from December 2004 until its acquisition by MGI Pharma Inc., a public biopharmaceutical company focused in oncology and acute care, in October 2005, and was a non-executive director of MGI Pharma Inc. until its acquisition by Eisai Co., Ltd. in January 2008.

Mr. Mitchell was at Bristol-Myers Squibb, a public company, from 2001 until 2004 in several roles including President International, President U.S. Primary Care and Vice President, Strategy. He also spent 15 years at Glaxo SmithKline, a public company, and its predecessor companies, most recently as Senior Vice President, Clinical Development and Product Strategy from 1999 to 2001, and prior to that as Vice President and General Manager, Specialty Divisions, Strategic Planning and Business Development, from 1995 to 1999.

He received an M.B.A. from City University Business School, in London, U.K., and a B.Sc. degree in Biology from Coventry University, U.K. Mr. Mitchell has served as a member of the boards of directors of Alpharma, Inc., Guilford Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a pharmaceutical company that produced products for the hospital and neurology markets, MGI Pharma Inc., and Talecris Biopharmaceuticals, all of which were then public companies.
 
 
Robert B. Shapiro, Board Member
 
Robert B. Shapiro has served as a Board member since November 2011. Mr. Shapiro is Co-Founder and Managing Director of Sandbox Industries, a development firm that creates, launches and manages new business concepts. Sandbox Industries also manages venture funds, including the BlueCross BlueShield Venture Partners fund. Mr. Shapiro has served as the Managing Director of Sandbox Industries since its formation in 2004. He was formerly Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Monsanto from 1995 to 2000. Upon the merger of Monsanto with Pharmacia & Upjohn, he served as Chairman of the newly-formed Pharmacia Corporation.

Previously, Mr. Shapiro was President and Chief Operating Officer of Monsanto from 1992 to 1995 and President of Monsanto’s Agriculture Group from 1990 to 1992, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of The NutraSweet Company, a subsidiary of Monsanto, from 1985 to 1990 and President of the NutraSweet Group of G.D. Searle & Co., or Searle, from 1982 to 1985, where he previously served as Vice President and General Counsel. Before joining Searle, Mr. Shapiro was Vice President and General Counsel of General Instrument Corporation from 1972 to 1979.

Prior to this, he practiced law in New York City; served in government as Special Assistant to the General Counsel and later to the Undersecretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation; and served as a professor of law at Northeastern University in Boston and the University of Wisconsin in Madison. Mr. Shapiro has served on the boards of directors of the New York Stock Exchange (later NYSE Euronext), Citigroup Inc., Rockwell International, Silicon Graphics Inc., and Sequus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. He currently serves as a director of Chromatin, Inc., Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc. and Sapphire Energy Inc., all privately-held corporations. Mr. Shapiro has also served on the President’s Advisory Committee on Trade Policy, and on the White House Domestic Policy Review of Industrial Innovation.

He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Mr. Shapiro is a graduate of Harvard College and holds a J.D. from Columbia University School of Law.


James S. Turley, Board Member
 
James S. Turley has served as a Board member since 2014.  Mr. Turley is the former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Ernst & Young.  He led the firm from 2001 until his retirement in June of 2013.  Mr. Turley joined Ernst & Young in 1977 and held various positions there until being named Regional Managing Partner for the Upper Midwest in 1994, and for New York in 1998.  He was named Deputy Chairman in 2000 and Chairman in 2001.
 
Mr. Turley holds an undergraduate degree and a master's in accounting from Rice University.  He serves on the Board of Directors of the Boy Scouts of America, the Board of Trustees for Rice University, and is chair of the National Corporate Theatre Fund.  He also serves on the Committee for Economic Development.  He was on the board of Catalyst from 2001-2013, serving as its Chair from 2009-2013, and until his retirement was a member of the Business Roundtable and IBLAC (International Business Leaders Advisory Council for the Mayor of Shanghai), and was co-chair of Russia's Foreign Investment Advisory Council.  He also chaired the Governing Board of the U.S. Center for Audit Quality from 2007-2011.
 
Mr. Turley currently serves on the corporate boards for Citigroup and Emerson Electric Company.
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